JEJAK KATA BILANGAN DALAM PRASASTI BERBAHASA BALI KUNO: HUBUNGAN KEKERABATANNYA DALAM RUMPUN BAHASA MELAYU POLINESIA

I Ketut Paramarta, Ida Bagus Putrayasa, Ida Bagus Putra Manik Aryana

Abstract


The aims of this study is to describe a variety of old Balinese language numeral recorded in the footsteps of old Balinese inscriptions and expressing their kinship relationships in the level of Proto-Malayo Polynesian. This study used a qualitative-explorative-descriptive research design. Numeral in the copy of the old Balinese inscriptions and comparative number words in the Polynesian Proto-Austronesian and Proto-Malayo clumps were collected by documentation. Data analysis was done by describing each expression of the value of numbers into the morpheme. The trace of the old Balinese language numeral found in the remains of the old Balinese inscriptions were intact decimal number words, lexical innovation number words that related to cultural meanings, and high number words. Old Balinese language kept verbal traces in the form of number words as expressions of counting culture which were proven to have genetic relationship with languages in the Malayo Polynesian family.

 

Tujuan utama dari penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan beragam kata bilangan bahasa Bali Kuno yang terekam dalam jejak prasasti berbahasa Bali Kuno dan mengungkapkan hubungan kekerabatanya dalam jenjang kekerabatan Proto-Malayo Polynesian. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian kualitatif ekploratif deskriptif. Kata bilangan dalam salinan prasasti berbahasa Bali Kuno dan kata bilangan pembanding dalam rumpun Proto-Austronesia dan Proto-Malayo Polinesian dikumpulkan dengan cara dokumentasi.Analisis data dilakukan dengan menguraikan setiap ekspresi nilai bilangan ke dalam morfem. Makna morfem, jika diketahui, dapat disimpulkan secara terpisah atau disimpulkan berdasarkan persamaan matematika sebagai bagian dari ekspresi nilai bilangan. Jejak kata bilangan bahasa Bali Kuno yang ditemukan dalam tinggalan prasasti berbahasa Bali Kuno adalah kata bilangan desimal utuh, kata bilangan inovasi leksikal yang tidak memiliki konsekuensi struktur tetapi memiliki keterkaitan dengan makna-makna budaya, dan kata bilangan tinggi.Bahasa Bali Kuno menyimpan jejak verbal dalam bentuk kata bilangan sebagai ekspresi budaya menghitung yang terbukti memiliki relasi kekerabatan dengan bahasa-bahasa dalam rumpun Melayu Polinesia.


Keywords


jejak; kata bilangan; bahasa Bali Kuno

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24832/fa.v32i2.564

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